0755-22204644

雅思写作:如何让简单句玩出高端句的气息?

作者: 2020-09-10 10:34 来源:深圳编辑
收藏

雅思写作的四项评分标准中有一项:Grammatical Range and Accuracy,其中对于range的要求实际上可以解读为“Uses a wide range of structures with full flexibility and accuracy.” 这一条要求的精髓就在于“a wide range of structures”,也就是说考生要在写作中体现出能运用各种句式结构的能力,包括简单句、复杂句、复合句和复合复杂句等等。

对于四大句式中最基础的简单句,童鞋们在备考的时候往往会有误解,认为简单句太短,难入考官的法眼,不是抢分的利器,因而过分追求在写作中使用复杂句。最后的结果往往是考官阅读的时候感觉非常奇怪,从而导致了失分。其实简单句在雅思写作中是有一席之地的:

目标在青铜到铂金(5.0-6.0)的童鞋部分:

1、简单句是有深度的 :小作文部分,我们以图中的黄线为例来说一下,同样是描述单一趋势,简单句却可以有五种变化:

(1) SV结构(主语加谓语):Subject + verb

The number of students in school B increased rapidly from 10 in 2000 to 70 in 2006.

(2) SVO结构(主语加谓语加宾语):Subject + verb + object

The number of students in school B experienced a rapid increase from 10 in 2000 to 70 in 2006.

(3) There be结构:There be…

There was a rapid increase in the number of students in school B from 10 in 2000 to 70 in 2006.

(4) PC结构 (时段见证):Period sees…

The period between 2000 and 2006 saw a rapid increase in the number of students in school B from 10 to 70.

(5) SC结构 (主语见证):Subject sees…

The number of students in school B saw a rapid increase from 10 in 2000 to 70 in 2006.

看完了上面的童鞋可能心里在想:就这,piece of cake啦。这证明你已经超越了菜鸡段位,在往钻石的通道前进了。这时可以挑战一下更高的难度,怎么用简单句描述多段趋势。

timg (3).jpg

怎么用简单句描述多段趋势。

(a) 简单句+现在分词结构

The consumption of hamburgers increased steadily from about 10 times in 1975 to around 85 times in 1985, before rising slightly to approximately 100 times in 2000.

句子虽然挺长,但是结构上看还是简单句,只是叠加了现在分词结构而已。理解感觉有点难受的童鞋可以先尝试弄懂下面的复杂句。

The consumption of hamburgers increased steadily from about 10 times in 1975 to around 85 times in 1985, which rose slightly to approximately 100 times in 2000.

(b) 简单句+过去分词结构

The consumption of hamburgers increased steadily from about 10 times in 1975 to around 85 times in 1985, followed by a slight rise to approximately 100 times in 2000.

句子虽然挺长,但是结构上看还是简单句,只是叠加了过去分词结构而已。理解感觉有点难受的童鞋可以先尝试弄懂下面的复杂句。

The consumption of hamburgers increased steadily from about 10 times in 1975 to around 85 times in 1985, which was followed by a slight rise to approximately 100 times in 2000.

(c) 简单句+介词短语结构

The consumption of hamburgers increased steadily from about 10 times in 1975 to around 85 times in 1985, with a slight rise to approximately 100 times in 2000.

除了以上两种分词结构的变化以外,我们还可以利用简单句+with的组合来组织句子。

如果已经能轻松驾驭以上的花招,那么王者段(7.0+)已经在向你招手了,以此为目标的童鞋重点看绿色部分。

简单句的大杀器: doing + 主句 + before doing

(d) 现在分词结构+简单句+现在分词结构

Rising gradually from just under 200 at 10:00 to 300 at 14:00, the number of passengers falls sharply to just under 100 at 16:00, before growing drastically to around 380 at 18:00. 虽然描述的内容从一段增加到了三段,但是从句式上来说仍然是简单句,前后的分词结构和主句共享同一个主句,因此承前承后可以省略两个分词结构的主语,使得句子在形式上大幅度瘦身,但是内容上却没有任何缺损。

如果觉得简单的表演已经结束,那就图样图森破了。简单句在落幕前声嘶力竭地喊了一句:放开我,我还能秀。

简单句的大杀器续集: done + 主句 + before done

这种前后过去分词+简单句的结构在流程图还能大放异彩。

In the subsequent stages, heated in a kiln at a moderate temperature from 200c to 980c, the bricks then are moved to another kiln with higher temperature between 870c and 1300c, before cooled in a cooling chamber for two to three days. 虽然描述的内容从一段增加到了三段,但是从句式上来说仍然是简单句,前后的分词结构和主句共享同一个主句,因此承前承后可以省略两个分词结构的主语,使得句子在形式上大幅度瘦身,但是内容上却没有任何缺损。和上一个句式相比,这里仅仅是把现在分词替换成了过去分词而已,本质还是一样的。

不要一直纠结要用多么高难度的词汇,语句才能获得考官的青睐,拿到高分,在你擅长的领域,简单也能玩出新花样,希望小编上面搜罗的内容能对大家有所帮助!

  • 品牌介绍
  • 雅思培训
  • 托福培训
  • 封闭班
  • 留学服务
  • 国际学校
热门活动

注册/登录

+86
获取验证码

登录

+86

收不到验证码?

知道了

找回密码

+86
获取验证码
下一步

重新设置密码

为您的账号设置一个新密码

保存新密码

密码重置成功

请妥善保存您的密码
立即登录

为了确保您的帐号安全

请勿将帐号信息提供给他人/机构