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雅思口语常用的功能语言有哪些?

作者: 2020-09-08 11:26 来源:深圳编辑
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其实在雅思备考期间,尤其是口语部分,学习一些固定表达和连接词是很多雅思考生备考口语的第一步。恰当使用这些表达能提升考试表现,获得考官的青睐,从而获得高分。但是提醒大家一定不要背整套的答案,应该学习并练习使用功能语言(functional language)来谈论各种常见话题,加入自己的元素,将固定的东西融合成自己的东西。

功能语言:用于提示听者你要说什么(应题),例如想说“sad”,可以用副词unfortunately开头,想表达个人观点,可以用“I personally feel that...”来提示听者你要是要发表看法。功能语言有助于组织想法和观点、表达感受,从而提升流利和连贯程度,让考生在口语考试中显得更自然。

正确使用功能语言,就能让考官更容易理解你的想法,从而促进考场发挥,同时也可以提升词汇表现。以下为雅思口语考试各题型常用的功能语言,有兴趣的朋友一起来看看吧。

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1、个人经历类:可用于P1和P2

P1的话题都是关于个人情况的,会涉及对以往经历的描述;P2有些话题需要谈论个人经历。不要觉得P1简单就可以随便说,应用多种方式谈论你的个人经历,展示语言丰富性:

I once…I remember when…Back when I was…I don’t remember exactly when, but…(Just) the other day…In my childhood...

2、表达个人观点:替换I think

雅思口语考试会涉及很多需要表达个人想法的题目,以下短语可以帮你替换掉I think,向考官展示语言灵活性:

I believe…

In my opinion…

It seems to me that…

From my perspective

As I see it…

当对某个特定话题的态度比较肯定时,可以用以下表达:

I’m convinced that…

I’m certain that…

I’m sure that…

I know for a fact that…

There’s no way that…

3、谈论可能性:P2/P3

在P2和P3,会出现关于未来和可能性的问题,需要对一些你不确定的事情进行猜测、估计、推测。当你对某个话题缺乏了解的时候,也可以用下列表达来开始回答:

I’d say…I guess…Perhaps / Maybe…It’s possible…I would imagine that…Well, if I think about...It might/may...

4、同意/不同意:P3很多问题需要对某个观点表态,以下表达可以帮助你提升语言的丰富度:

同意:

Yes, absolutely.Absolutely, I wholeheartedly agree with that.You’re absolutely right.No doubt about it.You have a point there.Exactly.不同意:I’m afraid I disagree.That’s not always the case.That’s not always true.I’m not so sure about that.I don’t think so.折中:Well, I can see both sides.I'm not sure if I agree or disagree with this.Both sides have advantages, but I think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.

5、比较和对比

口语题目会涉及对人物、事物、事件、地点进行比较,比如过去和现在,男人和女人,你国和他国,等。回答好这类题目,需要掌握用于表达比较的语言,比如比较级taller than, more important than, better than等。也可以在此基础上使用副词,让你的表达更准确,例如a bit further than, significantly higher than, far more interesting than. 以下分类列举回答比较/对比类题目的常用表达:

无区别/区别不大:

as + adjective + as:Studying Engineering is not as difficult as I thought it would be.

same + noun + as:We bought an apartment in the city for the same price as our previous house.’

similar to:I’m very similar to my best friend in many aspects.

much the same:All language schools in the area are much the same.

区别大/没法比:

no comparison:There’s no comparison. Online shopping is far more convenient than in-store shopping.

对比:

compared to:Dogs are so much friendlier compared to cats.’

in contrast to:Living in the city has many advantages in contrast to living in the countryside.’

6、请考官重复

口语考试时如果有某个词没听懂,可以请考官重复,如果整个问题没听懂,也可以请考官改述。相关表达如下:

重复:

Could you repeat that, please?

Could you say that again?Sorry, I didn’t catch that.Sorry, I didn’t understand the question.改述:Could you rephrase that, please?Could you explain the question, please?Would you mind explaining what you mean by?

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